In 5 steps to the perfect lawn

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In 5 steps to the perfect lawn
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To make the lawn look perfect again, only a few actions are necessary. For this spring is the best season, because in April, the necessary preparations can begin. Anyone who sticks to the tips and advice can soon be happy about a beautiful lawn. How the lawn finally looks and grows, decides already the mooring. Therefore, you should take advantage of the ideal conditions of spring and start the lawn sowing. In April, the temperatures are still very mild and the soil is already well heated, which is responsible for the uniform germination of grass seeds. Therefore, the soil should now be prepared.

Step 1 – The preparation of the soil

Optimally, the topsoil originating from the excavation was evenly distributed on the surface in autumn. Because then he has the opportunity to sit down during the wintertime, whereby the loose earth chunks again fit together to form a whole. As soon as the spring begins, the area, which is to become the lawn should be dug with a spade. It is even better if the soil is torn flat with a cultivator. So the soil can be loosened very gently and the natural layer does not get confused. If the soil is very heavy, loamy or clayey, incorporation of sand and peat will help to make it more air and water permeable. If the soil is very sandy and dries quickly, peat and compost should be mixed in to improve the soil structure. Since it can happen that many soils are acidified, they should be enriched with lime before sowing. To be sure, a pH review can be used, which determines the pH, ie the acidity. So the dosage of lime can be optimally adjusted. If the pH of the soil is less than 5.5, garden lime should be used. As soon as done, the surface should be leveled evenly with a rake. Now the ground needs a few more weeks to sit down.

Step 2 – Leveling the soil

Before the lawn seed is to be sown, the soil should have a fine crumbly structure. This works very well with a mechanical tiller, with their help, the soil is processed. Then the surface is leveled again with a rake. If there are any bumps, these can be compensated with a wooden lath.

Step 3 – Sowing the seed

Now the actual sowing takes place, what the months April to mid-June and from mid-August to early October are suitable. The sowing should by no means take place during the hot phase of the summer because it would not lead to a good result. Depending on which lawn is to be used, any lawn mixture can be seeded, for example, utility, shade or ornamental grass. Before sowing, the area can additionally be treated with a lawn fertilizer. In order to distribute the seed in a balanced manner, a spreading trolley should be used as a tool, as the even distribution of the seed is largely responsible for the success of a dense turf. Therefore, the sowing should not take place on a windy day, because the seed otherwise can not be distributed selectively. After work, the lawn seed must be pressed with a rake or a roller not more than 1 centimeter deep into the ground and be smoothed again with running boards or a roller. This is a cautious approach is appropriate because the soil is otherwise pressed too tight, which would mean that the irrigation can not penetrate the soil and instead sweeps the seed.

Step 4 – The care after sowing.

In the first three weeks after the lawn has been sown, the area should be provided with even moisture. As soon as germination begins, the soil must not dry out. Irrigation should be done in small drops, so that the delicate plants are not damaged or washed away.

Step 5 – The first cut

When the blades of grass have reached a height of about 7 to 10 centimeters, the time for the first cut is reached. Ideally, mowing takes place in overcast skies. The cutting height should be 5 centimeters. Grass plants form a large amount of leaves, because their leaves are supplied with sufficient energy to achieve flowering and fruiting. If their leaves are cut off, they are prevented from doing so and must compensate for this circumstance by new side shoots. This is advantageous for mowing. The lawn should always be consistently high and cut regularly. It is important that he may never be cut deeper than up to the current half of the plant height, even if it has not been mown longer. During the hot summer days, it does not have to be mowed as often, with the grass clippings always having to be removed from the lawn. The optimal cutting height is between 3.5 to 5 centimeters. Who performs these 5 steps correctly, keeps his lawn permanently healthy. A normal lawn produces 6 to 10 kilos of grass per square meter during a year. Since the lawn constantly needs nutrients that it takes from the soil, they deprive him of this and leach it again and again. Therefore fertilizers should be fed to the soil regularly, otherwise the growth of the lawn stagnates. The result would be bare spots and a stunted lawn, which is unsightly by weeds and moss. So that the lawn remains healthy and looks beautiful, so it must be fertilized. The recommendation is to fertilize two to three times a year with a long-term fertilizer. These special fertilizers are very advantageous because the nitrogen contained is only slowly and metered forwarded to the grass and prevents shock growth. If the lawn is fertilized during a dry period, it must be watered before fertilization to moisturise the soil to the root. Reading the instructions prevents over or under dosing of the nutrient. Finally, the lawn should be watered regularly, otherwise it will quickly become unkempt and less dense. Systematic irrigation is therefore essential so that the soil does not dry out. It should be poured slowly and with fine drops. For optimal irrigation is a watering can better than a Gartenschlauch.Auch the scarifying the lawn must not be forgotten and is essential to the care added. Since the lawn grows faster, especially in the summer months, it also needs more water during this time. Therefore, the lawn must be maintained even more intensive in the summer. If it comes to dead grass remains, they should be removed. Bald spots require seeding. In spring, the scarifier should aerate the lawn, as the ground has become heavy due to frost and snow. After scarifying, the nutrients re-penetrate the soil better and provide the lawn. If reseeding is required, it should also be done in the spring. It is important that it takes place after scarifying. This is because the characteristics of the soil and the mild climate of spring can contribute to healthy growth, which makes the entire lawn again dense and magnificent. If necessary, the lawn can be further scarred and reseeded in the autumn. As a further tip for a successful sowing, it is important to mix the seed effectively. This works particularly well if the pack is still closed. The pack shows how many seeds per square meter of soil are used. A quantity of 25 to 30 grams is enough to provide one square meter of seed. To make the turf perfect, it is necessary to refuel it just after winter so that it can grow well again. For this a regular and regular cut is of great importance. As a rule of thumb, while you cut often, on the other hand, the blades only slightly cuts. Two-thirds of the leaf mass should always stop. If the stalks are too short, photosynthesis can hardly take place. If the stalks stay longer, this is very beneficial for root growth. They grow deeper and are more resistant to drought, while mineral intake is much better. Therefore, the right height of the lawn for his health enormously important. As long as the lawn is growing, it may also be fertilized. As already mentioned, it comes in spring to the first growth spurt. Conventional fertilizer contains important substances that provide the lawn with high nutritional value. These include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and iron. The next fertilization will be optimally in the early summer, while the last should be done in August, so that the lawn is always well cared for and it can thank a lush green area. For the healthy look of the lawn moss should not get a chance to spread. The cause of the moss infestation is usually the poor drainage through a dense and heavy soil. There are also shadows, nutrient deficiencies and a poor pH value. Too short mowing is responsible for the spread of moss, because the too short lawn can not withstand the rapidly growing moss due to its low leaf mass. Here usually only the careful aerating the lawn helps. In addition, the addition of medium-grained, sharp sand can be helpful in dispelling the moss. One cubic meter of sand is perfectly adequate per 100 square meters of lawn. If there is a thick, often matted layer of dry plant waste and weeds in the lawn, something should be done quickly. This layer prevents the penetration of water, light and important nutrients to the grass roots. If nothing is done, the lawn dies. He turns brown and looks unkempt. To remedy the situation, the lawn should be scarred. Due to the knife-like hook, moss and felt is killed. In addition, the surface of the soil is loosened, which is a positive side effect. After the work is done, all the important nutrients return to the roots of the grass and supply them optimally again. To prepare for scarifying, the lawn should be shortened to a length of about 3 centimeters. Then the use of Vertikutierers can be done. The best way to do it criss-cross. If you do not have your own scarifier, you can also rent such a device at a discounted price. If used correctly, the felted layer can be completely removed. Thereafter, the administration of lime should be carried out immediately, as it regulates the pH value and prevents a recurrence of moss. To obtain a beautiful lawn, the choice of lawn seed is important. The higher the quality of the grass seed, the more varieties are added to it. The lawn can grow well and looks well maintained even after a long time, is dense and green. High-quality grass mixtures are coarse, resilient and characterized by rapid growth. The lawn is dense and hard-wearing. The stalks are fine and can handle deeper mowing. The grass feels soft, easy to care for and undemanding.

In 5 steps to the perfect lawn
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